Safety performance indicators

High level outcome measures

Measure Baseline
(2008–2010)1
2018 % Change
Number of deaths resulting from road crashes 1,426 1,136 -20.3%
Number of road crashes resulting in deaths 1,297 1,056 -18.6%
Number of deaths per 100,000 population 6.6 4.5 -31.8%
Number of deaths per 100 million vehicle-kilometres travelled 0.63 0.43 -31.7%
Number of deaths per 10,000 registered vehicles 0.91 0.59 -35.2%

Roads deaths by Jurisdiction

Measure Baseline2
(2008–2010)
2018 % Change
New South Wales  411 347 -15.3%
Victoria 294 213 -28.5%
Queensland 303 245 -19.1%
South Australia 112 80 -28.6%
Western Australia 196 159 -18.9%
Tasmania 44 33 -25.0%
Northern Territory 52 50 -3.8%
Australian Capital Territory 15 9 -38.6%

1 Average annual number during the three-year period 2008 to 2010. Note the baseline figures shown here are rounded to whole numbers, but were not rounded to calculate percentage change calculations.

2 The sum of jurisdiction baseline figures varies with the total due to rounding.

Outcome Measures—Australia

Safe roads

Measure Baseline
(2008-2010)
2018 % Change
Number of deaths from head-on crashes 271 199 -26.7%
Number of deaths from single-vehicle crashes 654 534 -18.4%
Number of deaths from intersection crashes 301 244 -18.9%
Number of deaths from crashes on metropolitan roads3 499 396 -20.6%
Number of deaths from crashes on regional roads 777 622 -20.0%
Number of deaths from crashes on remote roads4 138 116 -15.9%

Safe people—responsible road use

Measure Baseline
(2008-2010)
2018 % Change
Number of young driver and motorcycle rider deaths (aged 17-25 yrs) 223 146 -34.4%
Number of deaths from crashes involving a young driver or motorcycle rider (aged 17-25 yrs) 470 299 -36.4%
Number of older driver and motorcycle rider deaths (aged 65+ yrs) 114 139 22.3%
Number of deaths from crashes involving an older driver or motorcycle rider (aged 65+ yrs) 209 237 13.4%
Number of motorcyclist deaths 232 191 -17.6%
Number of cyclist deaths 32 35 8.2%
Number of pedestrian deaths 186 178 -4.5%
Number of deaths from crashes involving a heavy vehicle 248 175 -29.3%

Safe people—irresponsible road use5

Measure Baseline
(2008-2010)
2018 % Change
Number of drivers and motorcycle riders killed with a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) above the legal limit6 149 100 -32.9%
Number of deaths from crashes involving a driver or motorcycle rider with a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) above the legal limit6 214 142 -33.6%
Number of deaths from crashes involving an unlicensed driver or motorcycle rider7 143 95 -33.6%
Number of vehicle occupants killed who were not wearing a restraint 215 123 -42.8%
  2010 2018 % Change
Number of drivers and motorcycle riders killed who had an illegal drug in their system8 53 60 13.2%
Number of deaths from crashes involving a driver or motorcycle rider who had an illegal drug in their system8 83 103 24.1

Safety Performance Indicators—Australia

Safe speeds

Measure Baseline
(2008-2010)
2018 % Change
Mean free speeds at designated sites across the network N/A N/A N/A
Percentage of vehicles speeding by vehicle type and offence category N/A N/A N/A

Safe vehicles

Measure Baseline
(2008-2010)
2018 % Change
Average age of the Australian vehicle fleet (years)9 10.0 10.2 2.0%
Average age of passenger vehicles 9.7 9.9 2.1%
Percentage of new light vehicles sold with a 5-star ANCAP rating10 56% (2010) 90% 60.7%
Percentage of new vehicles sold with Autonomous Emergency Braking (AEB) N/A 31%11 N/A

3 This count excludes Hobart and Darwin. Uses Australian Statistical Geography Standard Remoteness Structure from the Australian Bureau of Statistics. These counts have been updated this year with the 2016 Census and will vary from previous reports.

4 Totals for metropolitan, regional and remote categories do not add to the annual totals because some fatalities could not be coded to a regional category.

5 Fatality counts for each of the following indicators are lower-bound estimates—due to a substantial number of cases with unknown values.

6 Data excludes Victoria as BAC data were unavailable, and excludes Western Australia as licensing data (needed to determine legal BAC limit) was unavailable. The baseline excludes data from ACT as BAC data was available from 2012.

7 Excludes data from Western Australia as licensing data was unavailable.

8 Excludes data from ACT, Victoria, Western Australia and Queensland.

9 Based on estimates from the annual Motor Vehicle Census, Australian Bureau of Statistics.

10 This data is sourced from ANCAP.

11 This figure represents AEB as standard equipment in March 2018. ANCAP report “Availaibility of Autonomous Emergency Braking (AEB) in Australia”, October 2019.